Economic And Environmental Risks And Benefits Of Tourism Essay

1700 Words Jun 8th, 2015 7 Pages
Tourism has seen extreme growth over the past sixty years, becoming the fourth largest industry in the global economy. Developing countries, such as Kenya, are often underestimated in the tourism industry, and is seen as exploiting the countries culture. However, by providing jobs, generating income, diversifying the economy, protecting the environment, and promoting cross-cultural awareness, tourism has become the leading source of foreign exchange in Kenya, overtaking agricultural exports, tea and coffee for the first time in 2004 (Harris, Doan & Wilson, 2012). This essay will discuss the socio-cultural, economic and environmental risks and benefits that tourism can bring to Kenya. It will also look into ways in which the community, tourism industry and local businesses may manage and mitigate these impacts.
Kenya is located within the East Africa region of the African Continent. Kenya covers a total territorial area of 587,000 kilometres, of which 11,000 Kilometres is covered by water. Kenya is rich in biological diversity with 35,000 known and documented species of animals, plants and micro-organisms (National Environment Management Authority, 2013). East Africa is a natural destination for tourists, boasting the richest and most varied concentration of wildlife on the continent. Kenya spotted the potential for tourism quickly, opening its first national park in 1947. Kenya now offers varied tourist attractions, such as, tropical beaches, copious wildlife in natural…

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