Dualism, The Belief That The Mind And Body Are Separate And Distinct
II. Methods and Presuppositions
In order to show that Gilbert Ryle’s argument against dualism is not fatal, I will attempt to show that Ryle’s position, as a behaviorist, does not allow for any dualist accounts. It will also be argued that Ryle commits the fallacy of irrelevant conclusion in his argument. Finally, I will argue that dualists do not necessarily commit a category mistake.
This essay presupposes that the concept of dualism is entirely sound. It will also presuppose that any objection to dualism, other than the category-mistake, is answerable. This essay will also presuppose that the reader has basic knowledge of psychology and logic.
III. The Text’s Argument
Ryle begins his essay, ‘Descartes’ Myth’ by reconstructing what he believes to be Dualism’s beliefs, in fact the first section of his essay is dedicated to this cause. Dualism, or “The Official Doctrine” as Ryle dubs it, has two distinct and separate…