Drug Resistant Bacteria And Its Effects On Human Health Care Professionals

834 Words Apr 29th, 2016 4 Pages
Introduction
For a long time, antibiotics were helping, to control and destroy the bacteria which is causing humans’ sickness. However, recently some bacteria become unbeatable by current antibiotics and even using the antibiotics to develop a new drug-resistant bacterium. In this paper, I will outline the contribution of health care providers, patients, and industries to the development of drug-resistant bacteria and discuss the necessary steps to prevent antimicrobial resistance.
The health care professionals’ contribution to development of drug-resistant bacteria
“Antibiotic / Antimicrobial resistance is the ability of microbes to resist the effects of drugs – that is, the germs are not killed, and their growth is not stopped. Resistant bacteria survive exposure to the antibiotic and continue to multiply in the body, potentially causing more harm and spreading to other animals or people.” (CDC, 2015). There are two types of resistance natural or acquired. When the microorganisms are not using the specific enzyme systems or biological process, that anti-infective drugs are acting on, the resistance called natural (Karch, 2013). The most dangerous one is the acquired resistance, where microorganisms are developing resistance in several ways, such as:
• Producing an enzyme that deactivates the antimicrobial drug
• Changing cellular permeability to prevent drug from entering the cell
• Altering the transport system to exclude the drug from active transport…

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