Drought Essay

6856 Words 28 Pages
Register to read the introduction… It occurs almost everywhere, although its features vary from region to region. Defining drought is therefore difficult; it depends on differences in regions, needs, and disciplinary perspectives. Based on the many definitions that have appeared in the literature, for example, we might define drought in Libya as occurring when annual rainfall is less than 180 mm, but in Bali, drought might be considered to occur after a period of only 6 days without rain! In the most general sense, drought originates from a deficiency of precipitation over an extended period of time, resulting in a water shortage for some activity, group, or environmental sector. Whatever the definition, it is clear that drought cannot be viewed solely as a physical phenomenon. Drought is a perennial feature in some parts of the Tamil Nadu (Table 3). In fact drought is a significant environmental problem too as it is caused by rainfall less than the average of the year and no/ less rainfall extending over a long period of time. Experts in the field are of the conviction that drought can no more be considered a natural disaster. Rather it is manmade. If only the requisite awareness were to be generated among the people as to the need to save rain water, droughts can be mitigated. Agricultural activities can be sustained throughout the year with the available rainfall in Tamil Nadu. In the year 1995, there had been acute water scarcity and severe drought for the State of Tamil Nadu due to failure of North East monsoon. About 17 districts were fully affected and 14 Taluks in other 5 districts were declared drought affected areas. The Government sanctioned a sum of Rs. 62.69 crores for providing drinking water supply besides Rs. 35 crores from Calamity Relief Fund (CRF) for road works in the districts Ramanathapuram, Perambalur, …show more content…
Acad. Indus. Res. Vol. 1(2) July 2012

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