16 July 2012
Does Welfare Encourage Dependency? Created by Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression, the idea of welfare was to help those who are living in poverty and need help to feed their families. Since then, welfare has helped people in many ways, such as unemployment insurance and food stamps. However, with over 4.4 million people, Welfare has evolved from a program that is designed to help people who have fallen on hard times, into a large scale program that often keeps more people down than it helps lift up. It has become a program where people are encouraged to be dependent on the government.
With the amount of people who are currently on welfare many critics feel that this
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For this reason most recipients continue to rotate between welfare and work. One group that is greatly affected by the 1996 Welfare Reform Act are single mothers. According to Ellen Reese author of Backlash Against Welfare Mothers: Past and Present welfare regulations and the “work first” philosophy create many obstacles for welfare mothers who want to improve their lives and the lives of their children by obtaining more education and training. She states, “WTW participants are often limited in terms of the number of hours that they can spend in classes, and social workers frequently pressure students to accept employment and quit school.” She then gives an example of this when she refers to a situation where teen parents, participants for the Wisconsin Works, were encouraged to find work rather than graduate from high school. As far as receiving help it’s not bad when it’s needed, but it is bad when that help keeps someone down instead of encouraging them to do better. Also, because of the pressure to get a job most people end up with a job that is low paying and unattractive which causes them to lose their jobs and return to the welfare system. In the article “Welfare Mothers Find Jobs Are Easier to Get Than Hold” by Jason Deparle, Ladonna A. Pavetti, a researcher at the Urban Institute in Washington, records, “64