Division Of Labor And Capitalism By Smith, Marx, And Durkheim

1697 Words 7 Pages
In this world division of labor and capitalism is essential for capitalist, most people would also think is important for the workers as well. Which it is for a period of time, but after a while the benefit fades away. There are more negative consequences of division labor and capitalism than you think. This essay will analyze all the negative consequences of the division and labor and capitalism arguments by Smith, Marx, and Durkheim. In Adam Smith’s book “An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations” Smiths argue that the division labor destroys “intellectual social and martial virtues”. Smith also argued that capitalism is a free market of trade, governed based on competition and individual which wage will be determined …show more content…
Alienation is the when workers are constantly working on the task, it becomes a routine for everyday and that lead to workers become disinclination and poor skills for their daily routine work. Marx also mentions in “Economic& philosophic Manuscripts of 1844” that workers are depressed spiritually and physically to the condition of a machine. Although he believed in division of labor they produce more which is essential, he still criticize capitalism for exploitation of labor. First is the alienation from the product. Under capitalism individual doesn’t receive any benefits from whatever they produce, they lack the ability of to produce to gain money or feel satisfy after an accomplishment, followed by a quote Marx said, “When human beings become alienate from what they produce they lose control over their product”. Secondly he argues about alienation from productions. Individuals who works hard long hours yet gets paid low wages, it doesn’t matter how many workers were producing, because of that works were alienated cause to not seeing gains or higher wage from their hard work and productive producers. Another alienation was from the individuals lack of control. When you build something for yourself or your company you put more energy into because the more profit you make from is more money in your own pocket, not under capitalism. Individuals was doing whatever they were order to do, in Marx alienated labor this situation reduced the labor force, especially to workers who are repeatedly working in the same tasks, in result they found themselves lacking of skills and creativity plus value to the company. Last is the alienations from workers to workers. Capitalism makes a competitive market workers are competing with each other’s for a better reward. Overall capitalism takes full advantages

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