Disoisitional Theory Paper

955 Words Sep 16th, 2012 4 Pages
PSY 405
September 30, 2012
Lynn Hagan

Personalities have a large impact on our everyday lives. Personalities allow us to interact with our fellow peers, in addition to giving individuals the tools to react to situations they may find themselves in. Our personalities are who we are, plain and simple. They set us apart from every other person. For many years, psychologists, such as Freud and Horney, have produced many theories to explain how personalities are developed. The following paper will reflect upon these Dispositional theories and how they influence personalities and interpersonal relationships. The strengths and limitations of these theories will also be analyzed. In addition, the ways these theories can change personalities,
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The psychology of an individual affects individual personalities by, for instance, if an individual is very athletic, and focuses their life around that one athletic factor, the individual is known for his athletics around his school and home town, the individual eats, sleeps and breaths athletics. That would be considered the individual’s cardinal disposition since it is something that his life revolves around. Many other individuals’ can see his passion for athletics. This could help a person see their own characteristics and the uniqueness of themselves which can then allow the person to see themselves differently and hopefully have better self-esteem.
Trait and factor theory is based off of the factor analysis which is making specific observations of many individuals, the three dimensions of personality; which are extraversion, neuroticism, and psychoticism, and the five core traits to form a personality which are extraversion, neuroticism, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, This theory states that traits are inherited, not influenced (Feist & Feist, 2009). This theory can affect an individual’s personality by spotlighting what type of traits they have and grasping an understanding of each trait. The five factor theory could be used to assess an individual’s personality traits, and allow the individual to know what traits they have (Feist & Feist, 2009).
Dispositional

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