Discuss the Relationship Between the Principles of Training, Physiological Adaptations and Improved Performance

1340 Words Apr 18th, 2014 6 Pages
Discuss the relationship between the principles of training, physiological adaptations and improved performance
The relationship between the principles of training and physiological adaptations has a significant impact on performance. Many factors need to be addressed in a training program to make it a successful one for a particular athlete and thus improve their performance.
The first principles are warm up and cool down. The purpose of any warm up and cool down is to reduce the risk of injury and soreness. For this to be applicable, a warm up must be sustained for no less than 10min and for elite athletes, at least 30min. Included in this warm up must be stretching to loosen up the muscles. There are no physiological adaptations that
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An example of when an athlete has many slow twitch muscle fibres is when they are a marathon runner. This means that they are able to run for longer periods of time without fatigue due to their genetic make-up. When training for a marathon, a training session could include 30min of fartlek training and 30min of weights, 3 sets, 10 reps, 10kg. The following week they can progressively overload the system to be 45min of fartlek training and 30min of weights, 5 sets, 10 reps, 15kg. The benefits that come with this training are improvements in all the physiological adaptations and therefore an improvement in performance. The relationship between progressive overload and the physiological adaptations have an effect on the performance of the athlete and when trained, can definitely be a positive one.
The specificity principle implies that the effects of a training program are specifically related to the manner in which the program is conducted. Adaptations that occur during this training are completely related to the sport or event intended from the training. All the physiological adaptations relate to specificity as it depends on the muscle or muscle group you’re working on. In relation to aerobic training, an athlete training for a marathon must target the aerobic system and slow twitch muscle fibres so aerobic enzymes in muscle fibres become more efficient in utilising oxygen. Using this method of specific training also targets the efficiency of the cardiovascular

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