Discuss the Key Political and Social Issues of the Post-War Era (Ie. During the Attle Government 1945-1951)

1001 Words Mar 24th, 2013 5 Pages
Political issues:
• Women played a major role in WW2 and were permanent in the industries now.
• Political conflict between the war time coalition governments Churchill PM Conservative, Attlee DPM Labour:
1) The war-time coalition between the Conservatives (led by PM Winston Churchill) and Labour (led by Deputy PM Clement Attlee) broke up in 1945 over the question of the nature of the British society in the future.
2) The Conservatives would have been happy for a return to the inter-war practice of leaving private enterprise to its own devices and limiting the state to tasks that were absolutely essential in maintaining public order and safety.
3) Labour, on the other hand, won the 1945 election on a distinctly socialist Manifesto.
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3) The Conservative era ended in the 1960s as the post-war boom slowed down and resulted in stagnation. Unemployment again became a permanent feature of economic life, and the younger generation became increasingly disenchanted. The system of government as well as economics was perceived as “stuffy”, overly traditional, unable to cope with increasingly urgent economic problems, and unwilling to accommodate modern features of life such as changing fashions and the new ideas proposed by the younger generation in many aspects of society.

The Wilson era (1964 –1970)
1) PM Harold Wilson was a luckless reformer. Having to face increasing economic difficulties, he intended to jump-start Britain with a variety of state-sponsored activities to help overcoming the crisis. Initiatives included:
a) “Bringing Jobs to the Workers”: Providing state incentives (cash, tax relief, etc) for investors to set up factories in deprived or remote areas of Britain.
b) Greenfield Development: “Model Cities” with all modern conveniences and excellent services. Only one actually built: Milton Keynes, but some existing cities also got some new estates. Latest fashion: high-rise council estates. (This view of “modernity” was not limited to Britain but was held all over Europe, including the Communist countries).
c) Education: a “level playing field” (i.e. equal opportunities) for everyone,

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