Different Stages And Characteristics Of Development Essay

1218 Words Apr 27th, 2016 5 Pages
Developmental psychology attempts to explain how humans grow and change throughout their lifespan. Researchers have proposed numerous theories about the different stages and characteristics of development to understand human behavior and personality. For instance, cognitive development is one of the fields of developmental psychology that outlines how humans perceive stimuli based upon their ability to process knowledge, reason, and be creative or critical. Numerous social and environmental factors influence a person’s cognitive development. This essay will argue that social factors such as; family and culture along with environmental factors such as, school environment affect cognitive development. Furthermore, the essay will relate such factors to Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theory and compare the two principles. Lastly, it will establish the importance of developmental psychology for nursing practice using Tanner’s model (Tanner 2006).
According to Park & Harvey (2015), family and culture influence cognitive development. Although childhood development is progressed in the absence of a family unit, it often presents positive and negative aspects to cognitive development. For instance, persevering economic difficulty as well as early exposure to poverty weakens cognitive functioning at 5 years of age (Ingirid et al 2012) which has a negative impact on cognitive development. However, children of nurturing and supportive family are observed to fare better in…

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