Differences Between Counselor, Msw, Pschologist, Psychiatrist, Therapist, Meditation Teacher

1677 Words Mar 18th, 2012 7 Pages
Differences between Human Service Providers
Vicki Foreman
National Louis University
Prof Practice and Ethics in Human Services
HSC 511
October 23, 2011

Table of Contents Differences between Human Service Providers: 3 LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor or LMHC, Licensed Mental Health Counselor: 3 MSW or Master of Social Work: 4 Psychiatrists: 5 Clinical Psychologist: 5 Alcohol and Substance Abuse Counselors: 5 Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT): 6 Mental Health Nurses: 6 Life Coaching: 7 Conclusion: 7 References 10

Differences between Human Service Providers:

There are many different types of Licensed Mental Health Professionals or Human Service Providers. A ‘Counselor’ is a general
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They are the only category legally authorized to prescribe medicine. To be a Psychiatrist one must have a bachelor’s degree, attend and pass 4 years of medical school, then go on to 4 years of residency and then pass a national exam by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. The majority of Psychiatrists work in a private practice but they also work in a clinic, hospital, conduct research, teach or occupy an administrative position. Psychiatrists are often called upon to act as experts in courts, prisons and other public and private institutions. (Burger, 2011, p. 263)
Clinical Psychologist:

To be a Clinical Psychologist also requires extensive training after completing an undergraduate degree, 4 years of a post graduate degree. There are trained in one of three models: 1. Scientist-Practitioner Model of Clinical Psychology usually housed in universities. 2. Practitioner-Scholar Model of Clinical Psychology which focuses on practice similar to medicine and law degrees. 3. Clinical Scientist Model which emphasizes training in clinical research.
All Clinical Psychologists are required to have 2 to 3 years of supervised experience, a certain amount of personal psychotherapy and complete a dissertation to get their PhD.
Alcohol and Substance Abuse Counselors:

An Alcohol and Substance Abuse Counselor must obtain a specific certification and licensure which requires educational credentialing standards and 300 hours of supervised field

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