Essay on Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

752 Words Aug 19th, 2016 4 Pages
Fareeha Ikram
Assignment # 2
Abnormal Psychology The DSM stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and is a reference work consulted by psychiatrists, psychologists, physicians in clinical practice and other professionals in healthcare and social service. We focus on DSM as a method of classification because of its popularity in the circle of mental health professionals. In the DSM, abnormal behaviour patterns are classified as mental disorders. Mental disorders involve emotional distress like depression and anxiety or significant impairment in psychological functioning. We should realize that DSM is used to classify disorders and not people. Diagnosis of mental disorders in DSM system requires that behaviour patterns not represent an expected or culturally appropriate response to a stressful event, such as loss of a loved one. The DSM system like the medical model, treats abnormal behaviour as sign or symptom of underlying pathologies. However, the DSM does not assume that abnormal behaviour necessarily reflect biological defects. It recognizes the causes of most mental disorders remain uncertain: some disorders may have purely biological causes and some psychological. The DSM system is descriptive, not explanatory. It describes the diagnostic features or in medical term, symptoms of abnormal behaviour and does not attempt to explain their origins. Abnormal behaviour patterns categorized according to the clinical features they share. The DSM…

Related Documents