Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Essay

1007 Words 5 Pages
The introduction of the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV- Revision” or DSM IV-R, was constructed and published by the American Psychiatric Association. As listed on the APA’s website, the DSM “is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professions in the United States…” (1) The American Psychiatric Association has released other editions of the DSM before this version was created including the DSM I, DSM II, and DSM III. The first section of this introduction provides the readers with the historical background behind the DSM, which consists of a summarizing timeline of important events that led to the creation of the DSM III. The historical pieces of this introduction can be seen as an educational tool, but can also act as a form of ethos by providing the readers with a reason as to why they are the main subject. In the second section, the APA provides an argument that goes against their own writing, but they support why they decided to go against their ideals. The main argument is that the definition of “Mental Disorder” is a too complex of a concept to assign a strict definition or term to. To support this argument, they use direct appeal to the reader’s logos through the use of logical ideas. However, they do provide a definition they consider to be “useful”. The first part of the excerpt is headed “Historical Background”. History and background information are used in rhetoric so that the reader can…

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