Diabetes Essay

1092 Words Jul 13th, 2013 5 Pages
Dr. Langston

Diabetes Mellitus also known as diabetes “dates back to 1500 B.C. nearly 3,500 years ago” (Beaser and Hill, 1995, p.9). Today type 2 diabetes affects millions of people. Currently there is no cure for diabetes. “However, recent advances in genetic engineering technology now offer great promise for overcoming the problems which have frustrated researchers in the past” (Alterman and Kullman, 2000, p. 263). People with diabetes could suffer serious complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis (diabetic coma), arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), hypertension (high blood pressure), heart disease, diabetic neuropathy, and diabetic retinopathy to mention a few. Diabetes is a disease that affects 25.8 million
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Some people can manage the disease with diet and exercise. Diabetics should follow strict diets. Diets high in carbohydrates can be dangerous due to high sugar content. Certain foods like carrots, corn and peas even though they are vegetables they turn to sugar once ingested. If a diabetic has too much sugar in their system they can go in to a diabetic coma, and causing severer complication. There are several oral medicines available for type 2 diabetics. “One of the most innovative classes of medication is the thiazolidinediones (TZD) or “glitzones.” The mechanism action of this drug class is revolutionary in that it is able to activate the transcription of insulin-responsive genes involved in the control of glucose and lipid metabolism” (Everhart, 2000, p. 14).
Diabetics are at high risk for infection. People with diabetes are more vulnerable to developing infections, as high blood sugar levels can weaken the patient's immune system defenses. In addition, some diabetes-related health issues, such as nerve damage and reduced blood flow to the extremities, increase the body's vulnerability to infection. “The most common infection seen in out-of-control diabetes is a fungus (yeast) called candida or monilia. Other common infections associated with high blood sugar include urinary tract infection (especially in women), gum infection, infections of wounds, and infections of the extremities, especially the feet”

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