Gibbs Model of Reflection
Stage 1: Description of the event
Describe in detail the event you are reflecting on. Include e.g. where were you; who else was there; why were you there; what were you doing; what were other people doing; what was the context of the event; what happened; what was your part in this; what parts did the other people play; what was the result.
Stage 2: Feelings and Thoughts (Self-awareness)
At this stage, try to recall and explore those things that were going on inside your head. Include:
• How you were feeling when the event started?
• What you were thinking about at the time?
• How did it make you feel?
• How did other people make you feel?
• How did you feel …show more content…
Stage 6: Action Plan
During this stage you should think yourself forward into encountering the event again and to plan what you would do – would you act differently or would you be likely to do the same?
Here the cycle is tentatively completed and suggests that should the event occur again it will be the focus of another reflective cycle
Gibbs model incorporates all the core skills of reflection. Arguably it is focused on reflection on action, but with practice it could be used to focus on reflection in and before action.
Description of the experience
Phenomenon – describe the here and now experience
Casual – what essential factors contributed to this experience?
Context - what are the significant background factors to this experience?
Clarifying – what are the key processes for reflection in this experience?
What was I trying to achieve?
Why did I intervene as I did?
What were the consequences of my actions for: Myself, The patient / family, The people I work with?
How did I feel about this experience when it was happening?
How did the patient feel about it?
How do I know how the patient felt about it?
What internal factors influenced my decision – making? What external factors influenced my decision – making? What sources of knowledge did