Diabetes : Worldwide Threat Of Diabetes Essay

894 Words Nov 28th, 2016 4 Pages
Diabetes: Worldwide Threat Diabetes mellitus is affecting millions of people worldwide. Many of these people lack the proper health education in order to prevent this disease. Once acquired diabetes requires long term medical attention in order to limit the development of its complications. There are a couple different types of diabetes, most commonly diagnosed are diabetes type 1 and type 2. Type 1 results from the pancreas 's failure to produce enough insulin most often referred to as “juvenile diabetes”. The cause of type 1 is unknown. Type 2 begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. The primary cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise. Proper education in diabetes prevention and causes could help reduce its prevalence worldwide.
Pathophysiology
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin or when the body cannot properly use the insulin it produces. Insulin is the main hormone that regulates the uptake of glucose from the blood into most cells of the body (American Diabetes Association, 2014). The body obtains glucose from the absorption of food we eat and the breakdown of glycogen, the storage form of glucose found in the liver (ADA, 2014). Insulin plays a key role in stabilizing glucose levels in the body. This hormone then helps hinder the breakdown of glycogen, helps stimulate the transport of glucose into fat and muscle cells, as well as aid in the storage…

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