Diabetes Mellitus ( Dm ) Essay

1493 Words Apr 14th, 2016 null Page
Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the leading chronic, lifelong condition worldwide. DM can cause high rates of morbidity and mortality due to complications associated with the disorder. DM is characterized by hyperglycemia due to a lack of insulin, insulin resistance, or can be consisted of both. The four main types of diabetes mellitus include type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, gestational diabetes mellitus, and other specific types (Darby, 2015, 824). A high rate of periodontal disease has been reported with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (Al-Maskari, et al. 2011). Other manifestations are associated with diabetes mellitus that can cause discomfort for patient. It is important for the dental hygienist to observe early identifications of diabetes mellitus and to prepare a treatment plan to increase the quality of the patient’s life.
Diabetes mellitus affects approximately 25.8 million Americans, including adults and children (Darby, 2015, 824). Although, DM affects a high population of Americans approximately 7 million Americans are unaware due to being asymptomatic (Darby, 2015, 824). Complications associated with DM can affect the eyes, mouth, reproductive system, kidneys, skin, vascular system, and peripheral nerves (Darby, 2015, 826). DM is considered one of the leading causes of death due to microvascular and macrovascular complications (Al-Maskari et al., 2011). Microvascular and macrovascular complications can cause an…

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