Describe That Possible Signs, Symptoms, Indicators and Behaviours That May Cause Concern in the Context of Safeguarding.

1491 Words Dec 11th, 2011 6 Pages
An abused child is any child, up to the age of 18, who has suffered from, or is believed likely to be at risk of, physical injury, neglect, emotional abuse, sexual abuse or verbal abuse. (Source:
It is recognised that that it is abuse when someone inflicts harm or fails to prevent it. Children may be abused in a family or in an institutional or community setting, by those known to them or by a stranger, for example, via the internet. Child abuse can have major long-term effects on all aspects of a child's health, development and well being. The main forms of ill-treatments are:

1) Physical Abuse
Physical abuse is deliberately causing physical harm to a child. This might involve
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This may involve physical contact including penetrative sex, oral sex, masturbation, kissing, rubbing, or touching outside of clothing, or it may involve non-contact activities such as involving children in watching sexual activities, producing or looking at sexual images, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways, or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet). Abusers can be men, women or other children. Between 21% and 36% of sexually abused children will display few or no symptoms (Source: Oates, O'Toole, Lynch, Stern & Cooney, 1994).
3.1) Signs of possible sexual abuse
• Any allegations made by a child concerning sexual abuse
• The child has an excessive preoccupation with sexual matters and inappropriate knowledge of adult sexual behaviour for their age, or regularly engages in sexual play inappropriate for their age
• Sexual activity through words, play or drawing
• Repeated urinary infections or unexplained stomach pains
• The child is sexually provocative or seductive with adults
• Inappropriate bed-sharing arrangements at home
• Severe sleep disturbances with fears, phobias, vivid dreams or nightmares which sometimes have overt or veiled sexual connotations
• Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.

3.2) Possible effects of sexual abuse
Behaviour such as self-harm, inappropriate sexual behaviour, sadness, depression and loss of self

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