Essay on Definition Of An Ideal Society

1639 Words Apr 13th, 2016 7 Pages
Definition of an ideal society Valmiki’s Ramayana and Confucius’ Analects provide a powerful illustration of an ideal and functional society by demonstrating what a ruler or government should do in order to make an ideal society. The two rulers described by Confucius and Valmiki, both have power/sovereignty over the society and the ideal society is defined as having righteous behavior with each other, having no poverty and crime, being dutiful, and respecting elders. Society based on changeable actions and moral character is the appropriate way people should live and rule under Confucius. Conversely, birth status and inherent duties to a society define the ideal living under the Ramayana. Although the analects and Ramayana agree that good government flows from the virtuous ruler who fulfills his role, they differ on where the criteria for a virtuous ruler comes from. According to Confucius, an ideal society is formed by cultivating positive relationships between the ruler and the ruled (as a father to its children), and for Ramayana, an ideal society comes to be when the ruler prioritizes the dharma over his immediate relationships and trusting or knowing ultimately that will lead to better order to the society.
First, according to Confucius, family has a hierarchy and that hierarchy is reflected to the government at large. The upshot is that everyone has a role and has obligations and duty that come with a role and so if everyone is fulfilling their separate roles, then…

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