Daniel Arap Kenya Case Study

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The case study considered in this essay is the human rights abuses in Kenya during the tenure of Daniel Arap Moi (1978-2001). Moi served as Kenyatta’s vice president from 1966-1978. General perception of Moi by Kenyans was reinforced by the decisions and promises he made immediately he took over presidency. In December 1978, Moi released all twenty-six political detainees across the ethnic spectrum.
He also reassured Kenyans that his administration would not condone drunkenness, “tribalism”, corruption, smuggling and other problems already deeply entrenched in Kenya. His administration also took quick actions against top civil servants accused of corruption culminating in the resignation of officials including the police commissioner Bernard
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Gradually, he laid the foundation for a dictatorship and innumerable human rights violation by his administration. Jaramogi Oginga Odinga and George Anyona sought to register a socialist opposition party in 1982, Moi struck by making the country a de jure one party state. He criminalized competitive politics and criticisms of his leadership.
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the security forces, particularly the police were used to suppressing any criticism of his regime. Patronage and loyalty therefore has remained characteristic of Mois leadership style which enabled him to criticize and personalize his rules. To bolster his grip on power, Moi also embarked on the gradual kalenjinization of the public and private sectors from the 1980s. What Moi established over the years was a dear manifestation of an institutionalized authoritarian regime with a habit of human rights
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What resulted however, was continuity in human rights violations by the police and government-supported armed militia and hired thugs. The arbitrary arrests, detentions and the practice of the interference of judiciary by the executive also continued for the most of the 1990s.
In the early 1990s, the KANU government went as far as instigating ethnic violence in order to eliminate violence in order to portray the multi-party system as inappropriate for Kenya. Ethnic cleansing was introduced in order to eliminate opposition in Kanu - only zones. From various independent human rights report in 1992 and 1998 ethnic violence in the Rift Valley province was deliberately inflamed for political purposes by members of the

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