Cult Of Queen Arsinoë II In Ancient Greece

Good Essays
Olga Rozmarynowska
HIS 159
Dr. Elaine Sullivan
February 25, 2018

Arsinoe II Outline Cult of Queen Arsinoë II in Egypt and the ancient Mediterranean:
Why was this an important cult promoted by the Ptolemies? How was it promoted in Egypt? How was this Egyptian cult spread across the larger Mediterranean? Why was it popular outside of Egypt? Research question:
How was the cult of Queen Arsinoë II established and how did it amass such a large-scale following throughout the ancient world?
Thesis statement:
The cult of Arsinoë II Philadelphus was a prominent result of Ptolemy II Philadelphus’s deification of the female pharaoh, amassing dedicated followers in both Egypt and the larger Mediterranean due to the cult’s ability to relate to both
…show more content…
Money would be fed back into the temples and so it is not difficult to see why the priests were so keep to support the ruler in the promotion of the new cult…” (Aston, 146)
The cult of Arsinoë II proved to be very useful to her husband, as explained in this passage. This quote shows that there was incentive to support the cult of the female pharaoh.

Paragraph 4:
The Grecian people honored the Egyptian queen as a goddess due to her assistance in shaping their public policy, idolizing her as if she were one of their own deities
Evidence 1: “Evidence suggests, for instance, that the official cult of Arsinoe… was warmly received and practised by the [Greeks].” (Fishwick, 4)
A renown ruler like Arsinoë II made her name known in other countries by aiding their policies.
Her cult promoted Egyptian deities such as Mendes and Hathor, while also assimilating these roles into goddesses in Greece such as Aphrodite, Hera, and Demeter. This source shows the admiration of the Ptolemaic queen in Greece, therefore suggesting that it was not difficult for the Grecian people to follow her
…show more content…
This evidence reasons that the cult of Arsinoë II in Sparta was founded due to her support in the treaty between Ptolemy II and Sparta in 268 B.C.E. This was the first instance of a woman assisting in the shaping of a public policy.
Evidence 3: “During the war, a number of port cities used by the Ptolemaic fleet were named after Arsinoe, as either new foundations or refoundations. Arsinoe’s cult in Sparta also related to the war effort of the Greek allies.” (Carney, 93)
This evidence hints at an apparent connection between Arsinoë II and the Greek goddess Aphrodite. Like Aphrodite, this passage shows that Arsinoë II was also a guardian of sailors and someone prayed to by seafarers. The link between the two deities stress the assimilation of Egyptian deities into Greek

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Ahhotep was such very significant leader that she was given the golden flying pendant; a reward from Ahmose and Egypt for aiding it, in its consolidation. Evidence of her achievements and significance are displayed on a stela at Karnak, which Ahmose erected in her honour. Therefore, Queen Ahhotep played a very active role, since she crushed rebellions, held political roles and helped Egypt consolidate by holding the kingdom together in a time of…

    • 829 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Women pharaohs were strong ruling figures in their own right displaying examples of feminine leadership. Kings mothers and wives also played an important role in relation to the king. They were referred to by the venerated title of mwt nswt, meaning kings’ mother, a title from the early dynastic period or also, ‘she who sees Horus and Seth’. Historian, Susan Hollis presupposes that woman were bearers of divine queenship which only complemented the aspect of kingship. This reveals a differing aspect to the equality of women and the prevailing view in early Egyptian scholarship of the presence of the Egyptian patriarchy.…

    • 1882 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Egyptian Cults Essay

    • 2670 Words
    • 11 Pages

    One of the most common practices was to give the names of mythological figures or some gods to a ship because they believed that a same god could protect the ship and its cargo from any danger. Some ships in classis Misensis wore the names connected to Egypt and their gods. The names were not inscribed on a hull as today and instead a relief of a god was carved on the bows. Several inscriptions from the Misenum survived with the exact names of the triremes, Nilo , Iside and Iove et Serapion. One of the ships in the fleet of Athens wore the name of the Egyptian god Ammon .…

    • 2670 Words
    • 11 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As a society Egypt revolved around the creation of hieroglyphics, architecture such as the Great Pyramids, and the use of the Nile River. Egyptians in nature were quite spiritual, and performed complex worshipping acts, and rituals. Ancient Egyptians early on had polytheistic beliefs and rituals that were an integral part of their society. As they practiced their religion, they worshipped many gods and goddesses that all underneath the power of the “Pharaoh” or the King of Egypt. As the Ancient Egyptian religion went onward, all of Egypt’s essential components seamlessly blended together.…

    • 1408 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Greek Honor In The Iliad

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages

    For instance, she compares herself to to goddess Isis. Isis was also admirable for her righteousness and justice. Cleopatra was a strong female leader living in a male dominated society. The influential queen is an meaningful figure because her…

    • 774 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    “Her dowry was Egypt, through her marriages she expected to win dominion over the Roman world.” Cleopatra VII was the final Ptolemaic queen of Egypt and, most likely, one of the most influential and powerful of her time. Not only was she one of the first queens of the Macedonian era to know many languages in order to avoid translators during her rule, she also used powerful tools such as likening herself to the Goddess Isis to gain respect of her people. Despite all of these things, one of the strongest assets that Cleopatra used to gain power and maintain her image was through her relationships. Throughout her life in the various obstacles she had to overcome, Cleopatra VII used her wit, intelligence, and beauty to control some of the most…

    • 1627 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Egyptian Women's Movement

    • 797 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Globalization and increased media led to the dissemination of Western feminist ideals to upper-class feminist actors in Egypt. However, Egyptian feminists did not simply reproduce Western feminism, but rather enmeshed it within their societies. The “woman question” in Egypt was thus formulated by Egyptian women themselves as political…

    • 797 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Politically, queens of Ancient Egypt had major influence an empire (Joshua Mark 2016). Female kings like Nefertiti and Sobeknefru proved that political barriers for female that were not possible to overcome could be a reality in Ancient Egypt (Joann Fletcher 2011). Women in Egypt had the power to rule over a land that is mainly dominated by male in other parts of the world. The Egyptian society revered women and presented them equally with their male counterparts due to their contributions socially, economically and…

    • 1270 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Although many think the Romans stole their ideas from the Greeks, it was simply a natural progression. As Rome developed, they advanced many things such as folk tales, music, and poetry which the Greeks first introduced. As well as developing the Greek culture, the Romans also adapted conquered people’s beliefs. For instance, later, after taking control over Egypt, the Romans began to worship the Egyptian goddess Isis. She was the goddess of nature, and they dedicated many temples to her.…

    • 1520 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Egyptian queenship and Queen Nefertari In ancient Egypt, queenship was synonymous to “royal women”. Egyptian kings required female counterparts to legitimize their divine and supreme power. One of the reasons for this was because having a female counterpart followed the same pattern of the Egyptian gods. Queens represented fecundity, an important factor in continuing the kingship. Egyptian queenship was closely linked to the mother goddesses Hathor and Isis.…

    • 836 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays