Cuban Normalization Of Relations

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The July 20th, 2015 CNN headline was simple: “U.S., Cuba re-establish diplomatic relations”. It was what the international community had waited more than fifty years for. In a metaphoric “thawing” of relations stemming from a very “Cold” War, Cuba was ushered into the 21st century. Progress could even be seen in Granma, the Cuban state newspaper. It quoted Cuban President Raul Castro: “We must learn the art of coexisting with our differences in a civilized manner”. This was a very clear step in the right direction. Politics can be defined as the process through which actors use means to interact with each other to gain favorable outcomes for their values and interests. By looking at the normalization of relations between Cuba and America through …show more content…
He didn’t want Cuba to appear weak or compromised. As a result, there was never even a conversation. However, when his brother Raul Castro became president, talks began. In September 1998, five Cuban intelligence officers were arrested and later convicted of conspiracy to commit espionage, conspiracy to commit murder, acting as an agent of a foreign government, and other crimes in the United States. The Cuban Five, as they were later known, were the subject of a controversial case. While Cuba called them “political prisoners” and portrayed them as heroes, America called them “criminals”. In 2014, Julia Sweig, director of Latin America studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, spoke to Slate about the near future of Cuba. She said that with Raul Castro’s plans to step down in 2018, Cuba won’t be led by a Castro brother for the first time since 1959, causing a difficult transition for Cuba’s government. In an effort to stabilize the economy so the transition would be smoother, Cuba took small steps towards reform, including the loosening of restrictions on private property and independent businesses. However, those reforms weren’t enough. The new policies had only resulted in a GDP growth of 1.4%. According to Sweig, more significant changes “needed to be implemented, and fast” so Cuba could manage the transition. ("Cuba Embargo: Obama’s Motives Are Clear, but Why Does Raul Castro Want to Re-establish Relations with the U.S.?") As a result, Raul Castro began a dialogue with America and Pope Francis. His most prominent interests were removing the long-standing U.S. – Cuba embargo and securing the return of the Cuban

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