Essay about Critical Evaluation Of Multiple Intelligences Theory

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Critical evaluation
Multiple Intelligences theory
Gardner’s view of intelligences has now become one of the famous theories in the educational world, but does the theory truly improve people’s understanding in a scientific, progressive way and helpful in education and learning back to 1980-1990’s? This question could be discussed in the changes of evaluation, educational and learning view. First, there were various standpoints before multiple intelligences theory, but the main world recognized the viewpoint of evaluating talents was still the traditional intelligence quotient (IQ) test. While the traditional IQ test actually disfavours the majority, only a few exceptional people will be recognized by it. It has restricted the definition of talent in a very narrow range in terms of short term memory, reasoning and problem solving ability and it “decides a person’s ability to grasp complicated logical ideas and the amount he can learn and the quality or clarity of his thinking” (Liungman, 1975). There have been doubts over the test and Gardner has proposed a more broad theory compared to this traditional viewpoint. Gardner believes that people’s intelligences should not be seen as an integrated way but a group of structures that each structure is independent and equally important. In the book “Frames of mind”, Gardner has come up with various type of intelligences and described strengths for each of them. In fact, Gardner’s theory does accord with actual status. For example,…

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