Criminology : The World Of Deep Division And Social Unrest Within Europe

1479 Words May 5th, 2016 null Page
Criminology in its Classical sense was construed in a time of deep division and social unrest within Europe. The monarchies had been both corrupt and incompetent causing the masses, whom had been subjected to centuries of brutal authoritarianism, to rise up in revolution. Ideas of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity gained popularity, prompting the complete overhaul of the legal system based on the concepts of Jeremy Bentham (Burns & Hart eds. 1996) and Cesare Beccaria (Thomas ed. 2009). Together they established the principles that would encapsulate Classical Criminology and shape the criminal system as it is known today. In this climate, the concept of a ‘social contract’ was surmised by Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Gourevitch ed. 1997) in which individuals come to a consensus with the state to give up certain rights and in return the state will guarantee the protection of rights and the security of their property through the regulation of human behaviour by punishing those whom transgress this contract. In its ability to explain both street and violent crimes, Classical Criminology is able to give a clear yet simple description of the majority of motives and purpose. However, it is not able to fully detail the vast nuances and differences in the various mindsets and circumstances surrounding the crime. Street and violent crimes will be explained through case studies, providing an in-depth analysis of Classical theory’s capacity to interpret each form of criminal activity, followed…

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