Criminological Theories Essay

1558 Words Oct 15th, 1999 7 Pages
There are many different aspects of criminal justice policy. One in particular is the different theories of crime and how they affect the criminal justice system. The Classical School of criminology is a theory about evolving from a capital punishment type of view to more humane ways of punishing people. Positivist criminology is maintaining the control of human behavior and criminal behavior. They did this through three different categories of Biological studies, which are five methodologies of crime that were mainly focused on biological theories, Psychological theories, which contains four separate theories, and the Sociological theories, which also includes four different methods of explaining why crime exists. The last theory is …show more content…
This method was popular in the early to mid 1800's. Thirdly, criminal anthropology studied the criminal human beings from birth. Lombroso's theory of the biological impact on crime was heavily influenced by Darwin's study of evolution. Lombroso, the "father of positivist criminology" believed he could study human behavior and then locate some factors that may cause a pattern of crime in the person. These people who committed such violent crimes were known as atavistic because of their physical features resembling that of animals. "Chimpanzeelike ears, shifty eyes, and large jaws" (DeKeseredy and Schwartz, 1996, p.178), were a number of characteristics that many body type theorists agreed upon as an attribute to a criminal. Hereditary studies were also compared and contrasted, but no real evidence was found to make the study a significannot success. Some criticisms of the Biological theories is that there are inadequate controls of environmental factors that had an effect on these studies. Also, that correlation is not causation because no criminal behavior can be inherently criminal. Psychological theories of crime include intelligence, psychoanalytic, personality disorders, and humanistic theories. Intelligence theories connect to the Biological theories because of numerous studies done that showed correlation to the amount of intelligence a person has also has to do with the possible size of the body as well as other features on the body. Psychoanalytic

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