Confucianism Qing Dynasty

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The Chinese during the Qing dynasty followed three main philosophies; Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. The rulers were strong followers of Buddhism. However, discrimination existed heavily in the society. For example, the Manchu were not allowed to marry Han Chinese who forms the majority of the society and were considered a lower social class. Representative Confucian was the social and ethical philosophy during this era. Huang Zongxi, Wang Fuzhi, and Gu Yanwu were the three main scholars for the Qing emperors. They developed new thoughts and teachings for Neo-Confucian students. The emperors considered themselves Patrons for these scholars and all other scholars. They protected them and promoted their work while the nobles adopted them …show more content…
Inventions also occurred in many types. High levels of literature, a wide publishing industry, and thriving cities. Literature in general grow greatly. Poetry became a mark in the society and women became more and more involved in writing. Poetry in Qing dynasty is field of research due to its richness. A rhyme dictionary was printed in 1711 and its still reliable until our present day. All the literature richness was due to the Emperors sponsoring it. By 1782, Chinese have assembled the largest collection of poetry. An example of the classical Chinese poetry is the collections of Tang Poetry. Painting and Calligraphy were also of high value. The court often hired painters and scholars to work for political figures. …show more content…
Several factors played a role in ending the last imperial Dynasty in China. Externally, the European expanding influence in Asia during the 19th century was behind their success in taking control of Hong Kong after they humiliated the small Chinese navy in the Optium wars. The British legalized Christianity and opened the country to the British merchants. This external pressure caused the empire to lose control over its territories. Therefore, the crumble also happened from within. At the end of the 19th century, a group of farmers organized themselves into a movement that protested against the western influence over the country and the Qing ruling. After a while the Chinese army joined forces with this movement. However, they couldn’t defeat the foreign invasion. Power started to move into the invading European forces favor. And the Chinese rulers’ refusal to adopts reforms caused the government to lose the loyalty of its population. The Dynasty’s rulers didn’t acknowledge their defeat. They hold to whatever power they could hold for a decade until the last Qing emperor, a 6-year-old child named Puyi, gave up the throne on February 1912. This fate ended more than a 1000 year period of Imperial ruling over China. (Dai)

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