Conflict In Jammu And Kashmir

1277 Words 6 Pages
Until August 15th 1947 India was under the rule of the British Raj. However, before leaving the colonial powers deciced to partition the region into two nations: India and Pakistan on the basis of religion. This turned into a bitter rivalry, a hostility developed between two nations and incidencies which resulted into bloodshed. The main reason for the conflict is to have territorial command over Kashmir; an Indian state which lies besides the borders of India and Pakistan. To take the full control over the region, there have been many wars between the two nations, the Kargil war in 1999, war in 1948 and 1965. This wars have led both countries to take ownership of nuclear weapons.

Before partition, a Hindu ruler known as the Maharaja ruled
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Suicide bombings, attacks by militant groups, open fire by security forces, and inter-religious conflict are the main reasons for hostility. Civilians are killed on a daily basis. Every year, there are countless reported cases of torture, rape, deaths in custody, extrajudicial executions, and disappearances. Indiscriminate violence has marked the area since 1989 and over 34 000 civilians have been killed from 1989 to 2001.
As mentioned earlier, much of the violence is due to armed militant groups. The militants that initially created insurgency in the 1980s had mainly a nationalistic and secularist view. They wanted an independent Kashmir. However, the composition of the militants has changed significantly since that time. The militants that exist now mainly have a radical Islamic focus. There are three main reasons for this shift in ideology of the militants. There has been much encouragement of Pro-Pakistani groups by Islamabad. Whether Pakistan gives moral and diplomatic support or military and weapons support is debatable. Secondly, there has been a surge of Islamic fighters from Afghanistan that have been able to participate in the militant acts of Kashmir. The overbearingness of the Indian army has also provoked the armed militants to engage in further activity. There are about 25 armed militant groups operating in Indian-administered Kashmir. Most of them are grouped in an alliance
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Attempts at resolving the conflict have been going on for over 50 years yet have seen very little progress. It is time for a change and a new approach to settling the situation. India and Pakistan should strike a deal with the United Nations and work together for a more prosperous future. Key elements of this proposal require India and Pakistan to sign the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. India should declare the Line of Control the international border and also give Kashmir more autonomy. What the UN must do in return is establish peace in the region and guarantee no border skirmishes. It should also provide funding to strengthen the economy of Kashmir. These steps will hopefully revitalize Kashmir and once again, allow it to be known for immense beauty rather that for grave

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