Concepts of Nuclear Medicine Essay

946 Words Jun 29th, 2015 4 Pages
Running head: NUCLEAR MEDICINE 1

Concepts of Nuclear Medicine

NUCLEAR MEDICINE 2
Concepts of Nuclear Medicine * What type of radiation is typically exploited in most nuclear medicine procedures?
Nuclear Medicine is a specialty used to diagnose and treat diseases in a painless and safe manner, which uses a pharmaceutical (medicine) that’s attached to a small amount of radioactive material (a radioisotope). The procedures can often identify disease in an early stage, thus allowing for treatment to be started sooner. The most common of nuclear enhanced medical procedures involve the use of x-rays — a type of radiation that can pass through our skin. X-rays and other forms of radiation also have a variety
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The resolution of structures of the body with nuclear medicine may not be as high as with other imaging techniques, such as CT or MRI. However, nuclear medicine scans are more sensitive than other techniques for a variety of indications, and the functional information gained from nuclear medicine exams is often unobtainable by other imaging techniques ("Pros And Cons Of Nuclear Medicine").
Nuclear medicine requires huge amount of investment. It’s very expensive to construct a facility, so it might take several years to make its advancements visible in all of the medical institutions around the world. * What ailments are typically diagnosed and treated via nuclear medicine procedures?
Cancer
Cancer is one of the more popular diseases diagnosed and treated by Nuclear Medicine, by determining the presence or spread of cancer in various parts of the body. Procedures can localize sentinel lymph nodes before surgery in patients with breast cancer or skin and soft tissue tumors. Nuclear Medicine can be at the base of a treatment plan. It can also be used to evaluate responses to therapy, detect the recurrence of cancer, and detect rare tumors of the pancreas and adrenal glands ("Nuclear Medicine Examples")

NUCLEAR MEDICINE 4
Renal
Nuclear Medicine analyze native and transplant kidney function, detect urinary tract obstruction, evaluate for hypertension

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