Comprehensive Exam Questions Masters in Psychology Essay
Describe questionnaires, interviews, observational methods and case studies. What are the strengths and weaknesses of each?
a. Compare and contrast qualitative research and quantitative research.
b. What are the goals, advantages, and disadvantages of descriptive, correlational, and experimental designs?
A questionnaire is a technique that used for collecting data in a survey. It is a series of questions to which the respondent provides answers. During the interviews and in person surveys one must stay within the bounds of the designed protocol. Observational research solely involves the researcher(s) making observations. There are numerous positive …show more content…
Prosocial behaviors are often difficult to explain. What do we mean by “prosocial behavior” and why might it be considered unusual behavior? What is meant by “altruism?” Explain what bystander effect means, how helping behavior is influenced by diffusion of responsibility and what the 5 steps to decide to help in an emergency are. Include an example of an altruistic behavior. Prosocial behavior refers to someone acting to help another individual, with no other motivation other than that of helping another member of the human race. According to Anderson and Bushman (2001), “The three subcategories for prosocial behavior are: behaviors that benefit others (positive interpersonal), help the individual succeed academically (achievement-related), and promote creativity (imagination).” Another, Be ´NabouTirole*, (2006) described the goals of prosocial action as (1) enhancing one’s own welfare, meaning that we benefit indirectly when we help others; (2) a way of attaining social status. Examples of this behavior can be acts of charity, Girl Scout leader, little league coach, block club president, etc.; (3) a means of cultivating our self-image, especially in the area of morality, such as being a highly