Comparison Of Plessy V Ferguson And Brown Vs Board Of Education

Improved Essays
Plessy vs. Ferguson and Brown vs. Board of Education Through the entire course of US history, discrimination has been heavily prevalent. However, there are two cases in which discrimination can clearly be seen changing. Plessy vs Ferguson and Brown vs Board of Education helped determine the fate and treatment of black people in America. The first of these cases happened in 1896, when a 1/8th black man named Homer Plessy defied the Louisiana Separate Car Act statute and sat in a white railroad car. He was subsequently arrested, and then brought a lawsuit up against the railroad cars owner. The second of these cases happened in 1954, when five cases combined into one and under one name was brought before the Supreme …show more content…
The Brown party said that the segregation of public schools was wrong, and deprived black and mixed children of educational opportunities. The Supreme Court ruled unanimously on the issue, with Justice Earl Warren writing the majority, and only, opinion of the court. He wrote "We come then to the question presented: Does segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other "tangible" factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal educational opportunities? We believe that it does.". The court ruled that although the facilities of the schools may be equal, the inherently inferior way that the segregated school system made the colored children feel deprived them of education and educational opportunities, therefor it wasn't truly "separate but equal" and was in fact unconstitutional. A year later, the Supreme Court addressed ways of implementation of their previous Brown vs Board of Education ruling. They decided to charge local governments to begin the process of desegregating the public schools in their areas, and federal courts to oversee and determine whether the local governments were actually working on desegregation. Brown won their Supreme Court case, which not only ruled segregation unconstitutional, it also forced the US into …show more content…
Brown vs Board of Education is the case that overturned the doctrine of "separate but equal" that the Plessy vs Ferguson ruling made precedent. In Plessy vs Ferguson, the 14th amendment was viewed in such a way that segregation was not considered unequal. Brown vs Board of Education changed that by making it clear that there was no way to make segregation equal as it made one side look and feel inferior. "To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone."Justice Earl Warren, in the Brown vs board majority opinion court ruling. “Separate but equal” was ruled unconstitutional and stopped being precedent, and a year later, the court started implementing

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    1) What are the reasons that “separate but equal” seemed to solve the problem of educational equality? The decision made in Plessy v. Ferguson that established the doctrine of “separate but equal” truly did have the intention of creating educational equality for all people, no matter what race they happened to be. Before the doctrine was in place, schools were terribly unequal in favor of white children. Students of color were receiving a very poor education and did not receive the same opportunities to succeed as white students did. This was extremely unfair and detrimental to students of color’s lives, so the case was brought to court.…

    • 701 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    The minority said that the law was unconstitutional and violated the civil rights, this side was correct but did not win. The court went by the doctrine “separate but equal” meaning two races must be separated but have equal quality. Until in 1945 when Oliver brown helped start the complaint that the schools aren't equal. The majority this time won saying that segregation was hurting the society, then they decided it was unconstitutional. These cases are both very related because they both fight segregation.…

    • 1066 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Plessy V. Court Case Study

    • 1776 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The Browns took their case to the Supreme Court. According to landmark cases.org “The Court decided that state laws requiring separate but equal schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.” The Majority Opinion was that “separate but equal” facilities are inherently unequal. In Plessy the court had looked at tangible things like transportation, buildings and teacher salaries. In Brown, the court examined the subtle intangible effects of segregation in public education such as making blacks feel inferior. Many schools were separating children solely based on race creating inferiority.…

    • 1776 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    The court focused on desegregation as the assignment of students without considering other factors including race, religion, or nationality. While this definition allowed the court to establish a verdict founded in a concrete definition of the issue under judgment, it fails to recognize the actual issue of a racial imbalance in American Society Although the Supreme Court’s decision to eliminate segregation in schools promised to improve racial and academic equality, in reality the decision had the opposite effect. Ultimately, because the court failed to address the racial imbalance in American Society, the outcome of Brown v. Board of Education was detrimental to society resulting in heightened…

    • 1136 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Jim Crow started to fall and that lead to the ending of legal segregation in schools and many other things. The Plessy v. Ferguson case started legal segregation and ended it with Brown v. Board of Education. The ending of legal segregation may not have happened if the Brown v. Board of Education case never happened. This may not have occurred because without it the case it would not have shown that Jim Crow laws were unconstitutional. “In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) a unanimous Supreme Court declared that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.…

    • 1264 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Ferguson court decision in order to diminish segregation to gain true equality. Ladino concentrated on court cases that have revealed the unconstitutional ruling of Plessey v. Ferguson. The court cases determined the unfair treatments in public education as colored students were denied, separated, and discriminated in universities. In sum, Ladino had successfully proven the historical factors relating to events prior to the changes that have led to an end of segregation to a foundation of true equality in the United…

    • 1013 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The law in place at the time of the Brown v. Board of Education court case was the law that was brought into play after the Plessy v. Ferguson case where it was said segregated public facilities were constitutional so long as black and white facilities were equal (McBride 1). Topeka 's racial segregation violated the Constitution 's Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. That that time, people knew black and white schools were not equal and could not be equal ,but no one believed they needed to be or could even be made equal (McBride 1). The federal court felt sympathetic for the plaintiff and agreed with him in saying that it 's not in the students best interest to be segregated (Aaseng 40). It was in the students best interest to be put into the same schools ,because they could all get equal education and if all the students got an equal education all people would have equal chances in…

    • 1156 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Board of Education, the Supreme Court overturned the precedent set in Plessy v. Ferguson, ruling that separate, but equal is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment. The court decided that the doctrine of separate facilities for blacks and whites creates an inherit sense of inequality. Furthermore, schools are places to teach children how to socialize and interact with one another and if the idea of whites and blacks being unequal is prevalent in schools, it will be relevant in society for generations to come. Their decision highlighted the importance of education in the opinion authored by Chief Justice Warren, “Compulsory school attendance laws and the great expenditures for education both demonstrate our recognition of the importance of education to our democratic society. It is required in the performance of our most basic public responsibilities, even service in the armed forces.…

    • 960 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They both were Supreme Court cases that related to race. These cases showed both sides of the debatable topic of segregation in the late 1800s and the 1900s. Both cases dealt with the government or school board violating an innocent person’s Fourteenth Amendment right. In both cases, at least one judge implied that colored people are inferior to white people. These people were doing no harm to the white people around them, yet they were raised to feel inferior to the other race.…

    • 723 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Board of education in 1954: This case ended segregation in the public school classrooms in the United States. It was a landmark case of Supreme Court, which overruled the Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896. Based on the Supreme Court declaration in 1954, separate but equal public schools violated the fourteen amendment, and it was unconstitutional to separate students based on their race or their color. It was an important case, because after that Board of Education allowed black children to attend the same school which had been previously set aside for white children, and ensured equal education for all children without considering their color or their race. One of the points that makes this case so important is that it could change the civil rights for minorities in…

    • 457 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Decent Essays