Comparison Of Freud And Piaget's Theory

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In the field of psychology, there have been many different areas of interest. One of the most popular areas of study for psychology would be human development. Among some of the best Freud, Erikson and Piaget were all great theorists with diverse ideas regarding the human development. Respectively, each theorist developed their own ideas and stages for human development. Their theories on human development had us passing through different stages during different times of our lives. Each theory fluctuated on what these stages were; these theories also fluctuated with their respect towards paradigmatic assumptions, learning and development, and relationship towards educational practice. Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist that …show more content…
Freud’s theory became known as Freud’s Theory of Psychosexual development. It was high belief that development was the result of pleasure-seeking tendencies related to the ID which focused on certain erogenous areas. The first stage was the Oral Stage. This stage included young children from birth to 1 year of age. The notable concern for this stage is that the infant is completely dependent on a caregiver. The main area of interaction for the infant is the mouth. Freud believed that this stage was important because the child will develop trust with the caregiver and find comfort in feeding. During this stage the infant will acquire a sucking reflex as well as redirect themselves towards anything that brushed up against their mouth or cheek. One of the largest concerns Freud had with this stage was weaning the child. He believed that if there was any fixation during this process that the child had the potential to develop drinking, eating or nail biting issues. The next stage Freud discussed was the anal stage, which includes children from 1 to 3 years of age. During this stage the main focus is on potty training. Freud believe that children formed a sense of independence and accomplishment from being able to control themselves. In Freud’s opinion there was a delicate balance that parents should be cautious of when potty training their children, he alleged that if the training was …show more content…
As Freud drove into the human development through sexuality, where to as Erikson shifted his attention to identity. He is known for his development of the psychosocial stages; he has eight stages of life. Erikson’s first three stages deal with infancy to about 6 years in age. The first stage is trust versus mistrust, during this stage the child will develop a certain view on life, and one will learn whether the world can be trusted or not. Erikson believed one learned this from one’s parents. Following this stage, we move into early childhood, this is known as autonomy versus shame and doubt in Erikson’s psychosocial development stages. During this stage, the child will determine whether or not a child develops a sense of self-certainty, when the child learns he or she can say yes or no. Erikson’s next stage takes place during the childhood ages around three to six years, throughout this important stage the child is developing a sense of enterprise, they will develop an initiative when they are trying out new things and they are not scared of failing when trying these new things, which is known as initiative versus guilt stage. Erikson’s fourth stage of developmental theory picks up at around the age of six and will last till around puberty, during this stage it will deal with industry versus inferiority. Basically, this stage is where the young adult will learn skills

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