The Psychodynamic Theory, or psychoanalytic as it is also referred to, stresses the influence of unconscious forces on human behavior. It is the systematized study and theory of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, emphasizing the interplay between unconscious and conscious motivation (Gallop & Reynolds 2004). Its roots focus on the roles of unconscious sexual and aggressive impulses as a motive for choice and self-direction. The theory presents itself as our way of trying to balance our feelings, the unconscious being the reason why aggressive impulses are common reactions to the frustrations of daily life and that we seek to vent these impulses on other people. But because we fear rejection and retaliation, we put most
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The psychodynamic theory is purely theoretical and not based on anything observable, like the behavioral and biological theories are. It is purely based on the idea of the ego, superego, and id which are thought to be the driving forces behind the subconscious, which is believed to influence everything that a person does. This is also the most discredited, if not at least viewed as the least valid of the three theories only because it is based on assumptions that this one model could identify every single individual (Gallop & Reynolds 2004). These three theories are just a few of many theories to explain human behavior and to define why people are the way they are. No matter what anyone's thoughts are about the origination of humanity, these three theories provide a glimpse into defining human behavior. But in the end, it just asserts that not one person can really be defined by just one theory. It is most likely that a combination of the overlaps in these three theories is in reality the true definition of human behavior.
Lickliter, R., & Honeycutt, H. (2003) Developmental Dynamics: Toward a Biologically Plausible Evolutionary Psychology. Psychological Bulletin. 129 (6), 819-835
Gallop, R., & Reynolds, W. (2004). Putting it all together: Dealing with complexity in the understanding of the human condition. Journal