Throughout the two novels, Thomas Hardy’s “Tess of the d’Urbervilles” and Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness,” the common theme of oppression by using psychological methods prevails. Tess’ parents and Alec can control her by leveraging guilt as a way of victimization which ultimately seals her fate. Mr. Kurtz in” Heart of Darkness” takes control over the weaker African natives to force them into submission. Both stories have this underlying theme of power and domination resulting in feelings of slavery and victims of fate.
“Tess of the d’Urbervilles” is a tale of the tragic life of Tess that results when she accidentally kills Prince, the family horse. Tess’ parents use the guilt that she feels to exploit her and force her to work for
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Another common theme in the two books is fate and uncertainty. In some cases, life is portrayed as uncertain; hence, it is determined by fate. In the ‘Tess of the d’Urbervilles,’ Thomas Hardy believes that life is very uncertain. Therefore, no matter what step one takes, fate predestines it. The people are therefore victims of fate thus regardless of their initiatives and determination; they are doomed. The powerless Tess, for instance, is destined, and this fate was divined at birth. In her early teenage years, Tess struggles hard and provides for the family when she replaces the lost horse, Prince. Due to uncertainties, she is ruined on the night when her friends turned away from her. Alec just happened to be passing nearby with his horse. When she became pregnant, it is her fate that brings her to this point. Tess is never tired to say, “It was to be.” Tess writes a letter to Angel and gives details of her past as she wanted to secure the future troubles with him. It is through fate that she inadvertently slips the letter under the carpet ensuring that angel does not see it. She seeks out angels parents since she wanted some relief for the uncertain future. She meets angel’s siblings and hears them mocking their brother. She is forced to leave having not seen the parent who would have given her support for her worried future.
In “The Heart of Darkness,” there is nothing described in a concrete term. The shores, for instance, are