Compare And Contrast The Indian Caste System

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How did the Indian Caste system differ from the organization of Chinese society?

Both China and India used systems that divided people into classes, they both differed however. In the caste system, a person’s caste is hereditary, with attaining a higher caste being almost impossible within a lifetime. The caste system is also very expansive, containing over “300 jati (or livings), which became further divided into a multitude of subcastes” (56). On the other hand, China’s class system was not hereditary and upward mobility was uncommon due to lack of wealth and/or talent. China’s class system also was much less complex, only consisting of about three social groups. Overall, the Indian caste system is much more strict and complex than the class
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During the republic, Roman citizens would elect officials, similar to directly voting for laws as in Athens. Despite the slight difference, both societies encouraged active participation in the government and military. However, as Rome became an empire, the senate turned into a “rather meaningless forum for debates” (76). Even more so, though a good amount of the states remained with local autonomy, the emperor and his officials still possessed a great deal of power. Overall, the Roman republic was much more similar to the Greek city-states than the Roman …show more content…
Christianity played a major role in the survival of the eastern empire. Because emperor Constantine used it to unify the empire, the eastern empire “remained an effective political and economic unit” (101). Without unity, the western portion became so economically and politically ruined that many peasants welcomed invaders. Another major factor was the aforementioned invaders. Due to its location, the eastern empire had less problems with invaders. However, the issue of increased invasions was difficult to solve with minimal people and money for the western empire. Conclusively, the eastern empire arguably survived the western empire due to unity, more stability, and less

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