Cognitive Social Learning Theory Essay

1064 Words May 16th, 2012 5 Pages
Cognitive Social Learning Theory
John Tabro
May 3, 2012

Cognitive Social Learning Theory

I have selected this theory primarily because I believe that a great majority of our learning during the course of our entire lives is achieved by observation. Bandura’s social cognitive theory is a learning based on the ideas that people learn by watching what others do and that human thought processes are central to understanding personality. While social cognition experts agree that there is a fair amount of influence on development generated by learned behavior displayed in the environment in which one grows up, they believe that the individual person is just as important in determining moral development. People learn by observing others,
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A child’s attention is typically directed toward something exciting, which is why kids are quick to pick up bad words that are usually flamboyantly expressed. The Disney Channel, Nickolodean, and cartoons can be main contributors though. The second component is Retention. It involves remembering whatever the child observed. If something interesting happened that day the lesser exciting events will be forgotten. Retention coincides with attention. We normally remember what we are attentive to. If a child is absorbed in material, they will most likely retain the information. Therefore retention is crucial in later applying the information. Reproduction occurs when the child reproduces the witnessed action. This is crucial when transferring learning to applying. This is normally when a child practices tying his own shoes or as a teenager learns how to drive a car. Practice may not always make perfect, but it improves skills. Reproduction allows observation to become hands on learning. Finally, motivation is the primary step over which parents have control in their child’s observational learning. This can make or break the continuation of the behavior. If a child is reproducing a positive action, he should be rewarded to encourage the frequency of that behavior. Negative consequences and punishment will hinder bad behavior. Watching another child be punished on television is not as impactful as first hand consequences.

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