Cognitive Observation Essay
Time: Started 1.00pm Finished 1.10pm
Number of Children Present: 4
Number of Adults Present: 2(including myself)
Ages of children observed: 2:6 years
Aim & Rationale of observation:
My aim while carrying out this observation was to observe a group of children, specifically the 2nd youngest child, aged 2yrs 8 months and his cognitive response to an activity involving numeracy. The type of cognitive skill I was looking for is what cognitive developmental stage children need to be at to be able to conserve and my colleague used Piaget’s Conservation Test involving Numbers to determine this.
I am using …show more content…
I found that during my observation I had to repeat and re-phrase the questions in order that the younger children were able to understand what I was asking of them.
I found that using the Checklist method that I had clear and concise areas to observe and that I didn’t have to interfere too much with the children while carrying out the tests as I was able to note my findings after the tests were carried out and I was able to get more involved in the Actual observation. The children enjoyed being in a small group and were able to concentrate better also. From this observation I learned that not all children are able to conserve on a numerical test. The inability of Child A to see that the amount of counters hadn’t changed, only the space between them had, shows that this child is not of the cognitive mental age to conserve i.e. he is still at the Pre Operational Development Stage of cognitive ability.
According to Piaget, the Pre-Operational Stage, ranges from ages 2 to 7.
Child A being in the Pre-Operational stage expresses his ability to mentally represent events and objects (the semiotic function), and engage in symbolic play. Their thoughts and communications are typically egocentric (i.e. about themselves). Egocentrism refers to a child's inability to see a situation from another person's point of view. Child A has not yet reached the cognitive stage of