Cognitive Behaviour Essay

2469 Words Oct 18th, 2014 10 Pages
Purpose

In his articles, Porporino (1995, 1991) examines the viability of cognitive behaviour therapy as a correctional intervention. After summarizing cognitive behaviour therapy principles, he discusses strategies for implementation, and provides research data supporting its effectiveness, including post release outcomes on the Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R & R) program. Porporino’s conclusions are subsequently compared with other researcher’s opinions and research based empirical data.

Methodology

Porporino criticises several programs he reviewed that claimed to be cognitive. In particular, he disregards motivational programs that lack empirical evidence of reduction of recidivism, and those programs that criticise forms of
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Porporino’s reliance on cognitive processes is supported by underlying theory, with some models being developed within behaviorial and social learning frameworks (Goldsmith et al., p. 75). Cognitive models can first be seen in Ellis’s Rational Behaviour Therapy, where he applied cognitive processes in an endeavour to change behaviour. Bandura, who based his work on social learning, also introduced the notion that individuals learn by modeling what they see others do and acquire skills by trying, through role-play situations, what has been shown to them (Glick, 2003). Bandura’s social cognition theory prescribes that to learn through modeling, individuals should have the ability to anticipate consequences of their behaviour. This ability includes cognitive processes such as thoughts, beliefs and perceptions (Goldsmith, 2003, p.75).

Evaluation

Whilst Porporino fails to detail evidence that supports or negates his opinions of the programs he dismisses, he provides a detailed evaluation of the R & R program. He reviewed data that measures changes before and after completion of the program, by evaluating its effects on attitudes, behaviour, and cognition. In doing so, he concludes that these evaluations have been positive, showing a change in the perspectives of participants in respect of social situations and being able to better appreciate other’s perceptions. Measures were achieved

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