Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

925 Words 4 Pages
Since the 1960s cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) has been used to treated multiple disorders, such as, depression and OCD. By using socratic-questioning, questions meant to probe and cause critical thinking, and guided discovery therapists attempt to help their patients make insights into their thought processes. There are not only many different strategies that can be employed to treat different disorders but, CBT is fairly successful with many different disorders.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy is a blend of both behaviour therapy and cognitive therapy. Cognitive-behavioural therapy is a rather hands on approach to problem solving. It uses well structured, goal focused approaches to teach people how to understand the meanings behind events
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For example, individuals with bulimia tend to improve well over 5 years once finished treatment, with 83% of individuals in the study no longer meeting the criteria for bulimia. Overall, 40-60% of individuals who receive CBT improve, however, the large gap in statistics is due to how improvement is defined, is it defined as stopping all symptoms? Or, is it defined as symptoms decreasing? Another disorder with a fairly high level of improvement is OCD. Between 50-70% of those who are treated with CBT are likely to improve, this rate is largely similar to the rate of those who receive only exposure with response prevention. A disorder, such as hoarding, can be improved with CBT, over a long period of time. However, if the individual has high levels of perfectionism they are more likely than those with lower levels to relapse. Despite the many successes of CBT, there are some disorders that CBT cannot treat; antisocial personality disorder is one of them. Although, it has been suggested CBT and contingency management can help aid in a decrease in substance abuse among those with antisocial personality disorder. Cognitive-behaviour therapy has also been shown to treat disorders such as, panic disorder, where it has been shown to improve 70-80% of patients, in specific anxiety disorder, where 80-90% of patients improve, and in PTSD, and in generalized anxiety …show more content…
Beck. It is not used simply for depression anymore, it is used for a vast amount of disorders, ranging from OCD to hoarding to

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