Cognitive And Psychosocial Characteristics Of The Young Adulthood Lifespan Stage

1576 Words Sep 1st, 2016 7 Pages
The young adult’s developmental pathway is a stage of life that includes the challenges of independence, the reward for achievement, and the endurance of crises (Nagy, 2013, p. 422.) This essay will describe and discuss the physical, cognitive and psychosocial characteristics of the young adulthood lifespan stage. Two theorists that relate their developmental research to this life span, Erikson and Piaget, are described and the discussion of two health related behaviours applicable to the young adult.
In young adulthood, physical development and abilities are at their peak between the ages of 20-30 years. Not only is peak physical performance obtained during this time but an indication of decline is also apparent. As more is learnt about health and nutritional changes to lifestyle, younger adults show an increased interest in physical performance. Athletic functions that require limb agility, and gross motor skills like sprinting or tennis, are known to typically peak in the early 20’s. (Santrock, 2014, p. 450). Changes in the growth of body hair, muscle development and the body shape continue slowly throughout the 20’s but all the organs and body systems have fully matured. Up until the age of 30, the growth in the vertebrae of men can add further height but women are at their full height before they reach their 20’s (Polan & Taylor, 2015, p. 172).
Cognitive development at this lifespan stage is indicated with the ability to be more flexible than rigid in…

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