Climate Change And The Effects It Has On Australia Essay
What is Climate change?
Climate change is the long-term change in the geometric distribution of weather patterns over periods of time ranges from decades to millions of years. It can be a change in the average weather conditions or a change in the organisation of weather events with an average, for example, greater or fewer extreme weather events. The change was obvious from the mid to late 20th century onwards and is attributed mostly to the increased levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide made by the use of fossil fuels such as coal and oil.
How climate change is caused?
Climate change is caused when fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas) are burnt they release carbon dioxide (co2) into the atmosphere and because of this, the layer of greenhouse gas is getting thicker, which is, in turn, making the earth warmer. There are three natural sources of carbon dioxide. They are from life itself, oceans and volcanoes. The first natural cause of carbon dioxide is from life itself because as organisms live, breathe and die, their carbon is cycled from the atmosphere into plants and then into the animals. When they die the carbon goes back to the atmosphere. The second natural cause of carbon dioxide is from the ocean soaking up the carbon dioxide (co2). The ocean absorbs carbon dioxide from the atmosphere wherever air meets water. The wind causes waves and turbulence, giving more opportunity for the water to absorb the carbon…