Classical Theory, Bureaucracy and Contingency Theories Explained

1583 Words Feb 19th, 2013 7 Pages
The earliest contributors to our understanding of management theory include practising managers and social scientists. More recent theorists have tended to be academics or management consultants. The early the early theorists can be divided into two main groups- the practising managers, such as Taylor and Fayol, and the social scientists, such as Mayo and McGregor.
The Classical Theories
The classical management theory is a school of management thought in which theorists delved into how to find the best possible way for workers to perform their tasks. The classical management theory is divided into two branches, the scientific and the administrative. The scientific branch comes from the scientific mindset of attempting to increase
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According to Max Weber, there are three types of power in an organisation: - Traditional Power, Charismatic Power, and Bureaucratic Power or Legal Power.
Features of Bureaucratic Organisation
The characteristics or features of Bureaucratic Organisation are as follows:- 1. There is a high degree of Division of Labour and Specialisation. 2. There is a well defined Hierarchy of Authority. 3. It follows the principle of Rationality, Objectively and Consistency. 4. There are Formal and Impersonal relations among the member of the organisation. 5. Interpersonal relations are based on positions and not on personalities. 6. There are well defined Rules and Regulations. There rules cover all the duties and rights of the employees. These rules must be strictly followed. 7. There are well defined Methods for all types of work. 8. Selection and Promotion is based on Technical qualifications. 9. Only Bureaucratic or legal power is given importance.
Criticism of Bureaucratic Organisation
Bureaucratic organisation is a very rigid type of organisation. It does not give importance to human relations. It is suitable for government organisations. It is also suitable for organisations where change is very slow. It is appropriate for static organisations. Bureaucratic organisation is criticised because of the following reasons:- 1. Too much emphasis on rules and regulations. The rules and regulations

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