Civil Liberties And Human Rights Essays

2120 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 9 Pages
When it comes to the United States Supreme Court and the Juvenile Court, things changed in the 1960s, when the Supreme Court issued several decisions that would expand the due process rights for any criminal defendant. This was under the leadership of Chief Justice Earl Warren, who was concerned that civil liberties and human rights and how they were reflected in decisions. “In general, the Court believed that criminal defendants were citizens who were presumed innocent until they had been proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. As citizens, criminal defendants were entitled to the rights and privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution” (Bernard pg. 96). There were two cases that were important on this matter, that of Mapp vs. Ohio in 1961—which concerned the fourth amendment of “unreasonable searches and seizures,” as well as Miranda vs. Arizona in 1965—in which the fifth amendment was concerned along with the privilege against self-discrimination.
There were also cases that, for the first time, would be heard in the Supreme Court: Kent v. United States (the very first juvenile case that was heard in the Supreme Court) in 1966, as well as, In Re Gault in 1967, In Re Winship in 1970, McKeiver vs. Pennsylvania in 1971, and Breed vs. Jones in 1975. These are the cases that will be discussed in this paper. Each case has its own due process law that changed the way juveniles were treated, and even changed how juvenile court requirements.
When juvenile courts were first…

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