Cicero's Ethics: What Is Justice?
Friendships are a base need of humans because they are “the alliance between men which the gods have established,” (Cicero93). This means that the gods made it part of our very nature of being that we should do whatever is in our power to be friendly with our neighbors. It is also important that things are not done for purposes with a shameful nature because “justice is not established by opinion but by nature,” (Aßländer 753). Since shameful things are not useful then anything without pure intentions cannot be just. Therefore, if there is a selfish or shameful nature, in something then it cannot be useful because it contradicts the human nature of community and