Chronic Venous Insufficiency And Deep Venous Thromboses Essay

1028 Words Dec 26th, 2016 5 Pages
This paper is scribed to present the compare and contrast between chronic venous insufficiency and deep venous thromboses. It will also present pathophysiology and treatment of the two mentioned diseases. The symptoms to the diseases may be identical although the anatomy is truly different.There is no exact amount of the people that are affected by chronic venous insufficiency and deep vein thrombosis although the estimated range is from 300,000 to over 600,000 each year in the United States. Approximately 60,000 to 100,000 Americans die of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) annually, ten to thirty percent of people will die within one month of diagnosis (CDC. 2013 p.1). Pathophysiology of Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Deep Venous Thrombosis
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) is a malfunctioning venous which returns over an extensive period of time. Venous hypertension, circulatory stasis, and tissue hypoxia lead to inflammatory reaction in vessels and the tissue which leads into fibrosclerotic remodeling of the skin and then to ulceration (Huether, 2012. p.586). The damage to the venous valves is the underlying anatomy. The valveā€™s purpose is to ensure unidirectional blood flow towards the heart. However, when the valves become defective due to factors such as leg crossing, prolonged standing, wearing constrictive clothing, and blood pools residing in the veins which can cause venous distension. Gravitational pull on blood in lower extremities can as well worsen the venous…

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