Chronic Traumatic Ptsd ( Cte ) Is A Brain Condition That Develops After Repeated Head Trauma

1206 Words Dec 7th, 2016 5 Pages
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a brain condition that develops after repeated head trauma. While it is most commonly seen in competitive athletes, CTE has also been seen in those who exhibit self-injuring behavior and victims of domestic abuse. Despite the name, CTE is more progressive than chronic. CTE does not begin to manifest until 10 to 30 years after the player has retired from competitive play. Once CTE begins to appear it progresses within two to three years which is unusually rapid. It is important to know the immediate effects of traumatic brain injuries on young adult athletes and how that head trauma can cause CTE for those same athletes later in life.
In addition to any traumatic brain injuries, immunoexcitotoxicity in the immune system has been shown to be central to the development of CTE. Microglia—the immune system’s first defense—trigger an injury response which causes the release of cytokines, chemokines, and reactive oxygen and nitrogen (Maroon, et al., 2015). These hormones cause inflammation. Having excessive amounts of these hormones can lead to neuronal damage. This damage causes cognitive changes which then leads to physical and socioemotional changes in a person. Concussions are the most common form of traumatic brain injury. A concussion is caused by a direct blow to the head or anywhere else on the body with enough force to be transmitted to the head (Costanza, et al., 2011). As participating in sports becomes popular among younger,…

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