Christianity Vs. Islam: An Abrahamic Monotheistic Religion

Superior Essays
Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion that is based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ written in the Bible. Christians believe in the Trinity; God is three divine persons: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Similarly, Islam is also an Abrahamic monotheistic religion, believing in the life and teachings of Prophet Muhammad as articulated in the Qur’an. Through the Doctrinal and Ethical Dimensions of Religion, the moral principles and the beliefs taught by Christianity and Islam will be outlined. Catholicism and Islam have very different histories in Australia, however both religions were brought into the country through trading or settlement. Since the introduction of Christianity and Islam in Australia, many problems …show more content…
Islam’s doctrine is structured around their Five Pillars: Shahada, Salat, Zakat, Hajj, and Sawm. These pillars form the basis of the Islamic beliefs. Resembling the Five Pillars of Islam, Christianity follows the Nicene Creed. This creed outlines the main beliefs and teachings of Christianity. Shahada or the profession of faith states, “There is no God but God and Muhammad is his prophet.” (Khan Academy, 2016). Both Christianity and Islam share monotheistic views of their divine prophets. “We believe in one God, the Father almighty…” (Nicene Creed, line 1). Even though Christianity is monotheistic, believing in one God, their faith is in the Holy Trinity; God is three divine beings: the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit. Islam however, does not share similar beliefs with the Christian Trinity. Difference Between states, “Allah cannot be considered as the ‘father’ because He is above all beings.” (2016). Allah is the God in which Muslims put their faith in and Muhammad is the most significant prophet, ‘The prophet of Allah.’ Each religion have their own stories of creation and versions of divine beings; the followers believe in the teachings from a holy book and live their lives through the actions they were …show more content…
After analysing Ninian Smart’s Doctrinal and Ethical Dimensions of Religion on Christianity and Islam, many similarities were discovered between the moral principles and the beliefs taught. The history of Catholicism and Islam are distinguishable from each other, leading back to different times and places. Both religions however, were brought into Australia either by settlement or trading. In Australia today, the major issues that Christians and Muslims face differ greatly, as the main concerns of each religion are dissimilar. Catholic Christianity and Islam have been compared and contrasted through the analysis of Smart’s Doctrinal and Ethical Dimensions, the history of the faiths and the current issues of each

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