Essay Christianity And The Middle East

735 Words Oct 19th, 2015 3 Pages
Christianity developed in the Middle East from the early monotheistic traditions of Zoroastrianism and Judaism. The ancient polytheistic religions of the Fertile Crescent saw gods as fallible and largely Earthly individuals who could be appealed to through offerings. In contrast, Abrahamic scholars believed in an omniscient cosmic entity that favored his followers with prosperity in exchange for exclusive worship. In place of sacrifice, obedience, moral behavior, and prayer were offered. Christianity slowly split from Judaism during the first century of the Common Era. Christianity spread in part due to its inclusive philosophy: people from all social strata, regardless of their health, wealth, sex, or past, were welcomed. As Christianity grew as an institution, the Church offered social programs to the impoverished. Christianity’s swift spread also led many to convert simply due to its popularity.
The concept of Hinduism is largely an attempt by Western historians and other outsiders to identify a tremendous variety of Indian religious and cultural traditions. In contrast to Christianity, Hinduism is regarded as far more mystical and accepting that the path to salvation (be it through scholarship, prayer, or actions) may vary between individuals. It is largely divided into three major traditions (each believing that its respective deity is supreme) and four major denominations with a variety of overlapping rituals and beliefs, but different approaches to achieving…

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