Childhood Development Is The Process Of Children Expanding Their Knowledge Base And Cognitive Abilities

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Childhood development is the process of children expanding their knowledge base and cognitive abilities. Sitting, standing, walking, tying shoes, and learning the alphabet are all milestones children reach over a certain period of time. Some children will not be able to learn these skills as well as others because of the fact that they may be situated and constituted in a living environment that has a negative impact towards their development. Children who are experiencing poverty, inadequate housing situations, and stress are at an increased risk for deficits in their development. As expected, poverty is one of the most impactful social determinants of health as evidenced by the social gradient. Those with higher income are more likely to experience better health than the middle-income group, who are more likely to experience better health than the lowest-income population (Denny & Brownell, 2010, p.54). The social gradient is well known, especially to those who have a lower socio-economic status (SES). Children who are born into a family of low SES are more likely to be born at a low birth weight, experience more injuries, have higher rates of diseases and disabilities as well as mental health disorders and behavioral problems, and begin school at a less-developed readiness to learn than those who are born into the middle or higher class (Denny & Brownell, 2010, p.54). Those who live in low-income households do not have as many resources accessible to them compared to the…

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