Role of States and IOs in Reduction of Child Labor: Analysis Based on Abolitionist and Protectionist Approaches
Jin Hun An
18 June 2013
Child Labor – Overview and Definition
Globalization embodies a process of recurring interaction between diverse actors in pursuit of collective goals. With a rise of new technology, a concept of time and space has diminished, and 21st century has seen economic success and increasing numbers of transnational activities. Growing influence of global civil society and cross-border social movements demonstrate how people in the contemporary era seek ways to bring about mutual benefits in hopes of closing gaps between developed and developing countries.
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A process of elimination of child labor today has slowed down due to the global economic recession. International Labor Organization (ILO) urged more efforts to stimulate global campaign in order to end the practice. According to Global Report on child labor, “ child laborers had declined from 222 million to 215 million, or 3 per cent, over the period 2004 to 2008” (ILO, 1996). Thus, advocacy groups, Intergovernmental organizations, and social movements have called for global support for elimination (ILO, 1996). Definition Child labor that needs to be eradicated does not refer to all work done by children. When their work do not affect their “health and personal development or interfere with their schooling,” they do not fit the negative notion of child labor (ILO, 1996). Children sometimes assist their parents with housework and take a part in building family businesses without their working hours affecting primary education. This is indeed a beneficial experience for children, because they learn to be productive within their communities. On the other hand, ILO (1996) applies the term child labor when work “is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by; depriving them of the opportunity to attend