What evidence is there in the extract above of the three explanations for Chartism’s support that you have learned about in Block 2, Unit 2. Making sense of history, and which if any, is stressed most strongly by the speaker?
In no more than 200 words, write a plan for the essay
Introduction 1) Explain the background and context of the extract. 2) Discuss the evidence for the Chartism’s support in terms of economic pressure, national political movement and inclusive cultural community. 3) The essay will explore how the three factors were important in the speech for gaining support for Chartism and which proved to be the more dominant factor.
Economic Pressure 1) At the time of Chartism,
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National Political Movement is referred to regularly in the speech. The first paragraph suggests people needed to ‘demand their rights’. The speaker goes on to mention high taxes and the poorer being ruled over by higher classes, ‘misrule and oppression’ ‘death-struggle between the rich oppressors and the poor oppressed’. This creates images of a parliament existing only of rich, powerful men. Chartism tried to demand political reform through petitions putting forward the six points of the Charter. These were presented on separate occasions to Parliament, each petition growing in size. The speaker demands ‘political equality’ and vigorously uses the political factor for gaining support. The larger part of the extract mostly exercises political issues and how parliamentary reform could bridge the gap between the classes. Creating a fairer and more prosperous society for all to share in. (Stedman Jones 1983 P51) a secondary source strengthens the idea that Chartism used political language and political change to influence its followers. Politics appears to be the one major link which unites everyone.
Cultural Community is evident in the opening of the speech, as the speaker addresses the crowds. ‘Mr Chairman and Fellow Working Men, brethren of the human race’. Immediately unites the crowd. ‘I am glad to meet the brave men and fair women’, demonstrates how the speech is directed to both sexes, and is